countries, Canada has requirements and restrictions on goods
such as firearms, animals and animal products, endangered species
and fresh fruit and vegetables, as well as certain food and
your personal use whilst in Canada - including clothing, stereos,
cameras, tape recorders, personal computers, sporting equipment,
boats and outboard motors - are exempt from duties and taxes,
provided you declare them to Revenue Canada (Customs) when entering
the country and they are exported when you leave Canada.
aged 19 years or over may bring in 50 cigars, 200 cigarettes
and 200g (7 oz.) of manufactured tobacco. The alcoholic beverage
allowance permits the import of 1.14 litres (40 oz) of spirits
or wine, or 24 x 355 ml (12 oz) bottles/cans of beer or ale,
providing it is to be used for personal consumption. If you
bring in more than these quantities, you will have to pay federal
duties and provincial fees and taxes when you enter Canada.
You can bring gifts for relatives and friends, duty free, if
each gift is valued at $60 Cdn or less. If the value of the
gift is more than $60 Cdn, you may have to pay duties and taxes.
You cannot bring tobacco and alcohol products as gifts.
transit" (but not handguns) may be brought through Canada by
Americans seeking a convenient route to other parts of the mainland
US or Alaska. To facilitate your border crossings, you should
carry 3 copies of a list of all the goods you are bringing with
you, including values and serial numbers where applicable. Consumable
goods, such as alcohol, tobacco and food, should be packed in
containers that can be corded and sealed by Canada Customs at
the time of entry.
Species: Trade in endangered or threatened species of fauna
and flora is strictly controlled by an import/export system.
Be sure to determine what rules and regulations apply before
bringing animals or plant products into Canada.
material must be declared to Canada Customs at the point of
entry. Authority to import plant material from all countries
must be obtained in advance. Many agricultural items are restricted
or prohibited entry to Canada.
more information on customs regulations call:
Customs and Revenue Agency
Regional Information Unit
Tel: (204) 983-3500 from outside Canada.
of animals and plants are in danger of extinction because of excessive
hunting and commercial exploitation. The Convention on International
Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is an international agreement
that protects endangered and threatened species of animals and plants
from over-exploitation by regulating the international trade in
Since 1973 more
than 120 countries, including Canada, have signed the CITES agreement.
These countries are working together to protect thousands of the
world's most endangered and threatened species. In Canada, CITES
is administered by the Canadian Wildlife Service of Environment
Canada and enforced by Canada Customs and the Royal Canadian Mounted
through an import/export permit system that is stricter for more
endangered species. If you already own a plant, animal or product
that is listed by CITES, and want to take it into or out of Canada,
you require a CITES temporary trade certificate when entering or
leaving the country.
If an animal
or plant is listed by CITES, then that includes not only live specimens,
but any part or product derived from the species. Before you bring
an animal, plant or product into Canada, be sure you know what rules
and regulations apply.
Obtain all necessary
permits before importing or exporting the species or product. If
you import endangered species without the necessary permits you
may be subject to prosecution.
by refusing to purchase endangered species and their products. Removing
the market is the most effective way to stop the illegal trade in
more information on endangered species, contact:
Wildlife Enforcement Section
Pacific & Yukon Region
5421 Robertson Rd, RR #1
Delta, BC V4K 3N2
Tel: (604) 940-4710
Fax: (604) 946-8359
In Canada, it's against the law to bring firearms or other weapons
such as mace and pepper spray into the country for your personal
protection. You can usually bring rifles and shotguns for hunting
purposes. All firearms and personal protection devices (i.e. stun
guns, mace, and pepper spray) must be declared upon entry into Canada.
firearms may be imported for the following reasons only:
sporting or hunting use while in Canada
use in competitions
an in-transit movement through Canada; or
a person's protection against wildlife in remote areas of Canada
(excluding National parks) as long as the Customs officer is
satisfied that the circumstances warrant the firearm being imported.
permit or certificate is required.
may only be imported for the purpose of attending an approved shooting
competition in Canada. A temporary Permit to Carry is required.
police agencies will not issue a permit allowing restricted firearms
to move in transit through Canada. Any restricted firearms may be
shipped in bond via commercial carrier to the person's destination.
Firearms: Canadian regulations require that all types of firearms
be transported unloaded. If firearms are transported in a vehicle,
they must be kept out of sight and in a part of the vehicle which
is kept locked (the trunk, if there is one), unless the vehicle
is supervised by an adult. Restricted weapons have to be equipped
with locked safety devices that will prevent the weapons from firing.
In addition, they have to be transported in a locked case.
more Information on importing firearms and weapons, contact:
Customs and Revenue Agency
333 Dunsmuir Street
B.C. V6B 5R4
Telephone: (604) 666-0545
Hunting is prohibited
in Canada's national and provincial parks, game reserves, and adjacent
areas, therefore firearms are forbidden in many of these areas.
Federal, provincial and territorial laws govern hunting in Canada.
Persons intending to hunt in Canada must obtain a hunting licence
from each province or territory in which they plan to hunt.
and permit requirements:
Suite 400, 152nd Street
Surrey, BC V3R 0Y3
Toll Free: 1-800-731-4000 ext. 9530
Telephone: (604) 586-2562
Fax: (604) 586-2572
must be accompanied by their owners when entering Canada. Dogs and
cats entering from the US must be accompanied by a certificate signed
by a licensed Canadian or US veterinarian certifying that the pet
has been vaccinated against rabies during the preceding 36 months.
An exception is made for puppies or kittens that are younger than
three months old.
is a nation of valuable resources whose economy is based largely
on agriculture. At present, Canada remains relatively free of many
of the world's worst threats to agriculture. Any insect or disease
outbreak would cost billions of dollars to control. Be aware that
many agricultural items are restricted or prohibited entry to Canada.
These products may carry bacteria, viruses or pests that could spell
disaster for Canada's agricultural industry. At some locations specially
trained dogs are used to sniff out agricultural products concealed
in luggage. Smuggling agricultural items into Canada is a federal
offence and can lead to prosecution.
All plant material
must be declared to Canada Customs at the point of entry. Authority
to import plant material from all countries must be obtained in
advance. A health certificate from the country of origin must accompany
most imported plants, with the exception of houseplants originating
from the continental US. Visitors may take plants of Canadian origin
into the US, with certain exceptions, provided a plant health certificate
accompanies the plants.
for import permits for plant material should be addressed to:
59 Camelot Drive
Ontario, K1A 0Y9
Tel: (613) 952-8000
Fax: (613) 943-1252.
import fruits, vegetables and meats from all countries must be obtained
is usually granted for six months unless otherwise indicated in
writing. Citizens or permanent residents of the US do not need passports
or visas to enter Canada, but proof of citizenship such as a birth
certificate, voter's registration, or baptismal certificate must
be carried. Proof of residence, such as a driver's licence, should
also be carried. At least one ID card with a photo must be carried.
US permanent residents should carry their Resident Alien Cards (Green
Card). Temporary residents of the U.S need a passport for travel
to Canada and may also require a visitor's visa.
All other persons
entering Canada as visitors must be in possession of a valid national
passport or other recognized travel document. Citizens of some countries
also need visas to enter Canada. Visa applications and enquiries
must be made at a Canadian embassy, consulate or mission outside
of Canada. Visas are not available at the border or airport.
children should carry identification for each child as required
for adults. Divorced parents with shared custody rights should carry
legal documents establishing their status. A letter of permission
from the parents of any children accompanying travellers (for whom
they do not have legal custody) must be carried.
to Canada must:
have a criminal record - this includes convictions for driving
while intoxicated (DUI);
enough money to support themselves and their dependants during
not pose a health risk; and
willing and have the means to leave Canada and go to another
For more information
and Immigration Canada
Wait Times: Crossing Canada-United States land border.